You’ll find 300 win mag ballistics, 308 ballistics, 30-06 ballistics, 223 ballistics, 243 ballistics, 30-30 ballistics and much more. One of the final steps in our testing process is to shoot the ammunition with a ballistic chronograph to measure the muzzle velocity of each projectile. In the photos of the gelatin blocks, you can see lines that appear to be a continuation of the wound channel that extends beyond the resting place of the bullet anywhere from 1/8″ to over 2″. Unless someone is trying to attack you on the beach it’s not all that uncommon to potentially encounter a threat wearing similar heavy clothing. Find those gel test on the pages below: Looking at all of this data, it’s tempting to try to sift through the numbers and determine once and for all which load is The One Bullet To Rule Them All. But it should come as no surprise that this is not how gunfights usually go down. Each block was calibrated for testing by Clear Ballistics prior to shipment. Like the bound and eBook versions, the Hornady® Reloading App provides all the information needed to successfully reload a variety of rifle and handgun cartridges. External ballistics deals with the performance of Hornady bullets from the moment they exit the barrel until the moment that the arrive at the target. Update 1/17/2020: Added a post with test results for eight pocket pistol calibers covering 39 new loads: .22LR, .22 Mag, .25 ACP, .32 ACP, 9×18 Mak, .32 Long, .32 H&R Magnum, and .327 Federal Magnum. If you’re having a hard time picturing why this would affect the penetration depth necessary to reliably stop an attack, imagine you’ve just been ambushed by a 275 pound dude wielding a baseball bat. As he is rushing toward you, winding up the bat for a knockout blow, you manage to draw your pistol and fire a perfectly aimed shot at his upper chest. Learn about physical changes to a projectile after it leaves the barrel. The ammunition is then tested for velocity and accuracy. The more we all know, the better organized and stronger the shooting and hunting community will be. This ideal penetration depth translates to reliable bullet performance to affect vital organs within a human target despite mitigating factors, such as angle of impact or intermediate barriers. For example, you may have a go-to ammo brand for your trusty 9mm handgun, but you’re wanting to make an upgrade to a larger .45 caliber pistol. Because handgun bullets typically travel at relatively low velocity, they possess little to no capacity to induce this phenomenon. For our testing purposes we slightly deviated from the strict guidelines so that our results might reflect more of what a civilian may encounter in a self defense situation. To get an idea of how a bullet will perform under various real world conditions, the FBI tests each load with a variety of barriers placed in front of the gelatin. Most loads showed either good penetration but no expansion, or decent expansion with sub-par penetration. — Power-Point 200grs X3381, 338 Winchester Mag. The 18 inch maximum penetration depth standard makes sense to most people — too much penetration and the bullet can go clean through the target (possibly changing direction slightly before exiting) and onward to harm an unintended target. Remember, consistency is the key to good performance. A consistently expanding self defense round is an attackers worst enemy. Bullets that expand or tumble will leave a bigger wound cavity than bullets that fail to expand. Home / Ammunition Federal, State or Local law may restrict some of the products available from Ballistic Products. In reality, the effects of wounds from handguns are unpredictable and often not very dramatic. Update 8/16/2018: Test results for nine .357 Sig loads are now live. The data from our ballistic tests is presented below in four separate charts, divided by caliber. This generally results in an adequate amount of expansion for a given caliber resulting in a “bigger hole” or wound cavity. One example of this scenario can be seen below. Introducing the latest products from the worldwide leader in ammunition. If the round fails to perform as needed, then making the switch to a larger caliber was in a sense pointless unless you’re willing to look at other ammo brands. You might like the idea of a +P round, where the extra velocity may help you in some cases, but if you don’t like the extra kick it produces it may not be the right round for you. These are examples of what’s been called “psychological stops” and they are common, but they can’t be relied upon. Expanding bullets lose velocity quickly and are more likely to stay inside the target, but a hollow point that fails to expand can maintain enough energy to exit the target and potentially harm bystanders. The core-jacket separation issue tends to be more common when bullets encounter hard barriers such as windshield glass or car doors, and a bullet’s weight retention in our heavy clothing tests can’t be taken as an indicator of how the bullet would perform against other barriers. We recommend taking under consideration the measured diameter data and viewing the photos of the expanded bullets for consistency and uniformity. Ballistics. Most law enforcement agencies that have a minimum standard for duty ammo tend to prioritize penetration over expansion, and consistent expansion is often considered more important than a specific target minimum diameter. According to the FBI, the results are an assessment of a bullet’s ability to inflict effective wounds after defeating various intervening obstacles commonly present in law enforcement shootings . Back in the late 1980s, the FBI began to use blocks of gelatin made from a solution of water and a powdered form of miscellaneous animal parts — called “ordnance gelatin” or “ballistics gel” — as a substitute for living tissue for testing the effects of duty ammunition. Many of the loads that did stay within the FBI 12-18″ range showed excellent expansion, sometimes nearly twice the original bullet diameter. Send your testimonials to [email protected] They start with a plain block of “bare” gelatin with no barrier, and follow up that test with a barrier of heavy clothing, and then hard barriers of steel (to simulate an auto body), plywood, wallboard, and auto glass. This update includes new test results in 9mm, 380, 40 S&W and 45 ACP. Never-the-less, the table below gives a reasonably accurate comparison of the basic ballistics of a great many rifle cartridges. Only a few loads completely failed to expand on all five shots, and the fragmenting bullets were among the few to fall shy of the FBI’s 12-inch penetration depth minimum.