Robotic Lunar Exploration. SELENE, along with two sub satellites, Okina and Ouna, was launched on an H-2A-2022 rocket (right) on 14 September 2007. The crewed Apollo missions are listed at List of missions to the Moon A primary objective of the Ranger block 3 probes was to return television images of the Lunar surface. Known as the Moon Impact Probe (MIP), the sub satellite carried three instruments, a video imaging system, a radar altimeter, and a mass spectrometer. Surveyor Lunar lander on display at the National Air and Space Museum. Robotic Lunar Exploration. All three missions failed. See more. Since the late 1950's, well over 50 space probes have been sent to explore Earth's moon. Its mission complete, the spacecraft was deliberately crashed into the Moon's southern polar area on 31 July 1999. FOLLOW NBC NEWS MACH ON TWITTER, FACEBOOK, AND INSTAGRAM. The spacecraft studied the Moon with a variety of sophisticated instruments. Prior to impact, the spacecraft was to release an instrument package designed to survive hard landing on the Moon's surface. He wondered: Why not try out for the moonshot award himself? probe definition: 1. to try to discover information that other people do not want you to know, by asking questions…. Several parts of the lander were recovered and returned to Earth for study. Objectives included testing equipment and procedures for lunar missions, landing instrument packages on the lunar surface, and returning television images of the lunar surface. lunar definition: 1. of or relating to the moon: 2. of or relating to the moon: 3. of or relating to the moon: . Moon probe synonyms, Moon probe pronunciation, Moon probe translation, English dictionary definition of Moon probe. “Epidemic” vs. “Pandemic” vs. “Endemic”: What Do These Terms Mean? Scientific objectives included mapping the Moon's surface in 3D, mapping concentrations of certain elements, investigating the thickness of lunar regolith, and studying the environment between the Earth and Moon. Lunar Prospector, the third mission in NASA's Discovery program, mapped the chemical composition of the lunar surface from a low polar orbit. Rangers 3, 4 and 5, collectively known as "Block 2" missions, were designed to impact the Moon's surface. Pioneer 4, launched on 3 March 1959, was the first spacecraft to escape Earth's gravitational pull. The images returned, far superior to those obtainable by Earth-based telescopes, aided planning for the later Apollo landing missions. (Photos: Richard Kruse, 2009). All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only.
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